麻糬 Mochi

Mochi

写真 27

Mochi is a representative delicacy made by either glutinous rice or millet with a variety of stuffing, such as red beans, green beans or peanuts. It provides a springy but firm texture.

 

Where is it from?

When it comes to Taiwan’s aborigine’s and Hakka’s cuisines, mochi is regarded as one of the representative delicacies for both culture.

How do you prepare it?

In Taiwan, there are three branches of mochi: the Hans, Hakka and the aborigine. Among the all, the aborigine is the most suitable one to represent Taiwan. Different with the Hans and Hakka, Amis (one of native Taiwanese tribes) uses millet instead of glutinous rice as the major ingredient and called it “Du Lun.” In the past, Du Lun could only be served during ceremonies and festivals without adding any flavor. However, before Taiwan’s restoration, a baker added various types of stuffing, such as red beans, green beans or peanuts, into Du Lun and it has become the renowned “A-Mei Mochi.”

Where do you buy it?

Hualien’s “Zengji Mochi,” “Amei Mochi” and Changhua’s “Dayuan Mochi” are recommended to try as classic Taiwan’s local delicacy. 

写真 拷貝

麻糬

麻糬在早期台灣漢人社會稱做「豆糬」、客家話是「粢粑」、阿美族語則是「杜倫」,是台灣原住民與客家文化具代表性的佳餚之一。

在台灣,麻糬有三大分支:漢人麻糬、客家麻糬以及原住民麻糬,其中又以原住民麻糬最具台灣代表性。不同於客家人與漢人以糯米為原料,阿美族的麻糬由小米製成,又稱「杜倫」。最原始的杜倫是早期僅在慶典或節日才吃的到的名貴點心,不加任何餡料。直至台灣光復前,有位阿發師將其發展為現今大眾所知的「栗米糬」也就是「阿美麻糬」,推出紅豆、綠豆、花生等各式口味。

目前台灣最具知名度的麻糬有花蓮「曾記麻糬」、「阿美麻糬」及彰化「大元麻糬」。此外,在南投還有「台灣麻糬主題館」。

參考資料來源:

台灣觀光局 http://taiwan.net.tw/m1.aspx?sNo=0001027&key=

台北市政府客家事務委員會 http://www.hac.taipei.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=1046626&ctNode=26421&mp=122021

文化部文化旅遊 http://tour.moc.gov.tw/frontsite/local/localDetailAction.do?method=doDetail01&serNo=200906230005&subMenuId=801&siteId=101

台灣麻糬主題館 http://www.wretch.cc/blog/moreSo/21795971

麻糬的由來 http://mypaper.pchome.com.tw/candylee0227/post/1321782501

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大腸包小腸 Taiwanese Hotdogs

Taiwanese Hotdogs

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Taiwanese hotdogs are simply made by wrapping the smaller Taiwanese sausage in the bigger glutinous rice sausage. Then some other ingredients are added such as peanut powder, cucumber and pepper sauce.

Where is it from?

Taiwanese hotdogs are similar to the American hotdogs. It comes from a creative idea of a Taiwanese vendor who liked both glutinous rice sausage and Taiwanese sausage but was too lazy to eat them separately. Therefore, he figured out a way to eat both of them at the same time. That was to combine these two foods together. Unexpectedly, the combination became an overnight sensation.

How do you prepare it?

The way to make Taiwanese hotdogs is to charbroil glutinous rice sausage and Taiwanese sausage, cut the glutinous rice sausage and then put in ingredients such as peanut powder, cucumber, cilantro, prickled vegetable, garlic, pepper sauce, etc. Later, use the bigger glutinous rice sausage to roll the smaller Taiwanese sausage up. Whether to add some sauces or not is based on personal preference. Normally, vendors put garlic and prickled vegetables into Taiwanese hotdogs.

Where do you buy it?

Taiwanese hotdogs are a common snack in every Taiwanese night market.

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大腸包小腸

大腸包小腸又稱「台灣人的熱狗」,與美式熱狗有異曲同工之妙。起源於台灣夜市老闆的創意,相傳老闆因為喜歡吃糯米腸和香腸,但嫌分開來吃麻煩,於是將兩種食物結合,沒想到意外風靡全台。

大腸包小腸的製作方法是以體積較大的糯米腸包裹體積較小的台式香腸。通常將糯米腸與香腸以碳烤方式烤熟後,將糯米腸(即塞入糯米的香腸)切開,放入各樣的配料,像是花生粉、小黃瓜、香菜、台式酸菜、九層塔、生大蒜、黑胡椒醬等,再夾入台式香腸(即塞入醃豬肉的香腸),食用時可依照個人喜好加醬料搭配。若沒事先告知喜好,小販通常直接把配料生大蒜及台式酸菜夾進米腸內來方便食用。

大腸包小腸是台灣各大夜市風行的美食之一。

參考資料來源

http://www.taiwan.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=48068&ctNode=2660&mp=1501

草仔粿 Herbal Rice Cake

Herbal Rice Cake

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Herbal rice cake is a salty chewy snack consisting of radish slices and minced pork as the inner portion and glutinous rice and mugwort as the outer part.

Where is it from?

The origin of herbal rice cake is untraceable. However, it has been the indispensable sacrifice on Tomb Sweeping Day for a long time. A saying in Taiwanese goes “worship with rice cake, come the property.” It means if you take rice cake as an offering to the ancestors, they will bless you and assure the offspring of getting more property. No matter if it is the culture of Southern Fujien or Hakka, herbal rice cake is essential in many customs.

How do you prepare it?

Herbal rice cake is a salty snack. The inner part of the cake fills with radish slices, minced pork, and dried shrimps. The outer part is made from glutinous rice and mugwort. Because of mugwort, the outer part has a color of green. The herbal rice cake is steamed. Thus the outside is chewy, the inside is crunchy, and the fragrance is rich.

Where do you buy it?

Although herbal rice cake is a traditional sacrifice on Tomb Sweeping Day, you do not have to wait until that time to buy one. It is sold in many traditional markets in every area, especially in Jioufen, Taipei and Fenglin, Hualien, which are renowned for herbal rice cakes.

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草仔粿

草仔粿又稱鼠麴粿、鹹龜粿、艾草粿,客家人稱之為艾粄,它的緣由已不可考,但卻是清明節不可或缺的傳統祭品,台語裡有句俗語「拜粿有傢伙」,就是指拿粿來祭拜,祖先會庇佑子孫增添財產。不論是閩南或者客家族群,草仔粿在習俗上都是非常重要的。

草仔粿是一種鹹的點心,外皮的原料是糯米及艾草,艾草也可用鼠麴草代替,兩者皆為綠色,因此粿的外皮也呈現綠色;草仔粿裡頭包的是炒過的蘿蔔絲、碎豬肉、蝦米等餡料。它的烹調方式採用蒸籠蒸,吃起來粿皮非常彈牙、有嚼勁,內餡脆而不硬,香氣十足。

雖然草仔粿是清明傳統祭品,但是不用等到清明節,在各地的傳統市場裡一般都可以買到新鮮的草仔粿,其中又以台北九份、花蓮鳳林的草仔粿最有名。

公民新聞 http://www.peopo.org/news/74695

教育部食品加工科學習加油站http://content.edu.tw/vocation/food_production/tn_ag/rice9.htm

藍星幸福小站(奇摩部落格) http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/jw!yeria4aTEhRigJQoFn9j3FbY/article?mid=13695