臭豆腐 Stinky Tofu

Stinky Tofu

臭豆腐

Stinky tofu is deep-fried tofu and is commonly matched with Taiwanese kimchi to counterbalance its greasy flavor. The stinky smell is from the industrial fermentation which takes less time and facilitates great amounts of health food product.

 

Where is it from?

It is said in Qing Dynasty, Wang, an owner of a tofu shop, put chopped tofu with salt under the sun to preserve it for a long time. But the tofu became green after a number of days and it became the prototype for stinky tofu. Its unique smell and taste attracted the Empress Dowager, a queen of Qing Dynasty.

How do you prepare it?

Stinky tofu is one of the best-known Taiwanese foods. Because of its smell, tourists have a love-hate relationship with stinky tofu.  There are mainly four flavors of stinky tofu: steamed, deep fried, spicy and grilled. Among these, the most common one is deep fried stinky tofu with Taiwanese kimchi added to counterbalance the greasy taste. What’s more, stinky tofu is also added into a hotpot. It is another unique way of enjoying stinky tofu especially in Taiwan.

Where do you buy it?

In Taiwan, it is not difficult to spot all kinds of stinky tofu stands and stores, among which, the one in Raohe St. Night Market in Taipei City is the most famous.

臭豆腐

臭豆腐1

據說清朝時,安徽王姓舉人名落孫山,便經營起豆腐鋪。一日生意欠佳,剩下不少豆腐,便將之切成小塊灑鹽曬乾,打算製成豆腐乳存放。幾天後卻發現豆腐呈青色,成為臭豆腐最早的雛形。爾後因香氣特殊,口感獨特,受到慈禧太后喜愛,欽賜名為「御青方」。

臭豆腐是台灣小吃名聲最響亮的美食,因為臭而讓觀光客對它又愛又恨。台灣臭豆腐通常有四種主要食用方式:油炸、麻辣、清蒸、碳烤。而其中以油炸臭豆腐最為普遍,並搭配台式醃製泡菜,以消除油膩感。此外麻辣臭豆腐加入大量辛香料;知名的「臭臭鍋」,便是將鴨血與酸菜、肥腸一同與臭豆腐燉煮,風味迷人,是台灣特有的另一種吃法。

各式的臭豆腐料理在台灣隨處可見,其中以台北饒河街觀光夜市的臭豆腐最為有名。

參考資料:

  • 台灣美食文化網http://taiwanfoodculture.net/ct.asp?xItem=48240&ctNode=2688&mp=1502
  • 台灣美食文化網http://taiwanfoodculture.net/ct.asp?xItem=48064&ctNode=2660&mp=1501
  • 文化部文化旅遊資訊入口網http://tour.moc.gov.tw/frontsite/local/localDetailAction.do?method=doDetail01&serNo=200907290005&subMenuId=801&siteId=101
  • 文化部台灣大百科全書http://taiwanpedia.culture.tw/web/content?ID=11834&Keyword=%E8%87%AD%E8%B1%86%E8%85%90
  • CNN旅遊網http://travel.cnn.com/explorations/eat/40-taiwanese-food-296093
Advertisements