紅龜粿 Red Rice Cake

Red Rice Cake

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Red rice cake can be produced in either sweet or salty flavor. Its outer part is made from glutinous rice while the inner fillings are made of red bean paste or other ingredients.

Where is it from?

Red rice cake, which has a shape of turtle, is usually used for worship. In Chinese culture, turtle symbolizes auspiciousness and longevity. In the ancient times, people used live turtles to sacrifice to gods. As time passed, it is unlikely to obtain live turtles. Therefore, people produced turtle-shaped food to substitute the real ones. Also, since the red color represents luck and joyfulness, you can find red rice cake in other celebration occasions such as weddings.

How do you prepare it?

Red rice cake has two flavors: sweet and salty. The sweet one is more traditional. The outer part of the rice cake is made from glutinous and red food coloring so it can be red. The inner part fills with red bean paste and mung bean paste. Before steamed, red rice cake needs to be put in the mold to be shaped like a turtle. Sometimes along with the turtle pattern, people also imprint Chinese characters related to happiness on it. Red rice cake has a chewy feel and sweet filling. Now there are many salty and sweet flavors provided for customers to choose.

Where do you buy it?

You can purchase red rice cake in every traditional market all over Taiwan. The most famous one is in Bali, Taipei.

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(red rice cake filled with red bean paste)

紅龜粿 

客家人稱紅龜粿為「紅粄」。紅龜粿多用於祭祀上,因龜有吉祥長壽之意。古時以活龜來祭祀,隨著時代推進,活龜取之不易,便發展出用龜狀食品來替代。而紅色又代表喜氣,因此除了祭祀外,婚嫁、滿月、祝壽等各種喜慶場合也常可見到紅龜粿。

紅龜粿有鹹、甜兩種口味,但最傳統是做成甜的,外皮由糯米添加紅花米或紅色食用色素所做,如此才能使外皮呈現紅色。它的內餡為紅豆沙或綠豆沙。製作時,在還未蒸之前將紅龜粿放入印模中壓出龜的形狀,有些粿皮除了有龜的花紋外,還會壓上吉祥的漢字,如福祿壽等。紅龜粿口感軟嫩Q彈,內餡香甜。現在的紅龜粿已發展出各種鹹的及甜的口味供客人挑選。

在台灣的各個傳統市場幾乎都可買到紅龜粿,但最有名的是八里的紅龜粿。

參考資料:

教育部食品加工科學習加油站 http://content.edu.tw/vocation/food_production/tn_ag/rice9.htm

維基百科http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-hk/%E7%B4%85%E9%BE%9C%E7%B3%95

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